Who is Joshua Oupa Gqozo?
Joshua Oupa Gqozo (1952 - ) was the military ruler of the former homeland of Ciskei in South Africa. He was born in Kroonstad on March 10th 1952, and is the son of a Christian minister.
Early in his life, Gqozo joined the South African Defence Force (SADF) and worked as a soldier.
In 1972, Ciskei was declared self-governing under the rule of Lennox Sebe.
But in 1990, Gqozo replaced Sebe and ruled as a dictator of Ciskei.
On September 7th 1992, the Ciskei Defence Force demanded the removal of Gqozo.
Twenty-eight people were killed and hundreds injured when they fired into a crowd of African National Congress members in what is known as the Bisho massacre.
On March 22 1994, Gqozo resigned as leader of Ciskei.